Human SEC14L1 shows partial sequence homology to the budding yeast SEC14 protein and the Japanese flying squid retinal-binding protein and was previously generally localized to 17q25. We more precisely mapped SEC14L1 within a discrete region of 17q25 that likely harbors at least one putative breast and ovarian tumor suppressor gene. We determined that this gene consists of 18 exons ranging in size from 70 bp (exon 11) to 3088 bp (exon 17) and spanning at least 58 kb of DNA. Exon 17 contained a highly polymorphic variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) and was present only in the larger ubiquitously expressed 5.5-kb transcript. The 3.0-kb ubiquitously expressed transcript included sequences at the beginning of exon 17 (designated exon 17a) and the end of exon 17 (designated exon 18), but lacked the internal 2439 bp of exon 17, including the VNTR. This alternative splicing resulted in a predicted protein of 719 residues from the smaller transcript with four more terminal amino acids than the 715 residue protein predicted from the larger transcript. EST H49244 spanned exon 11 of SEC14L1 and was specifically expressed in human peripheral blood leukocytes. One intragenic single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was confirmed. SEC14L1 contained the CRAL/TRIO domain also found in alpha-tocopherol transfer protein (TTPA) and cellular retinaldehyde-binding protein (CRALBP). As retinoids have been shown to inhibit the growth of breast cancer cells, loss of the proposed SEC14L1 retinal-binding function may contribute to breast tumorigenesis. As TTPA and CRALBP have been implicated in retinitis pigmentosa (RP), altered SEC14L1 expression may contribute to RP in previously unlinked families. Coding exon-specific PCR primers were designed to aid in future expression and mutational analyses.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 19, 2014
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