Genomic and antigenic characterization of viruses from the 1993 Italian foot-and-mouth disease outbreak

Genomic and antigenic characterization of viruses from the 1993 Italian foot-and-mouth disease... The origin and evolution of the type O foot-and-mouth disease viruses (FMDV) that caused the outbreak occurrence in Italy in 1993, the first episode of the disease in the EU after adoption of a non-vaccination policy in 1991, have been studied by the analysis of sequences encoding three main antigenic sites on the viral capsid proteins. The phylogenetic tree derived from sequences spanning the carboxyterminal end of VP1 showed that these Italian viruses were grouped in the ME-SA topotype, closely related to viruses that circulated previously in the Middle East. The analysis of the nucleotide sequences in VP1, VP2 and VP3 showed a co-circulation during the epizootic of genetic variants, including viruses with amino acid replacements in VP3. For some of the isolates analyzed, values of fixation of nucleotide substitutions per year were observed in the three regions analyzed, ranging from 1.5 to 5.1 × 10 −2 . The use of a panel of new monoclonal antibodies raised against an isolate from this outbreak, as well as monoclonal antibodies to FMDV O1-Switzerland 1965, showed differences in the reactivity pattern among some of the Italian isolates analyzed, which were consistent with the co-circulation of antigenic variants. These results support the potential for FMDV diversification in a limited period of time and under epidemiological conditions in which no vaccination campaigns were being implemented. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Genomic and antigenic characterization of viruses from the 1993 Italian foot-and-mouth disease outbreak

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/genomic-and-antigenic-characterization-of-viruses-from-the-1993-3xNUh3Ttbz
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-005-0585-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The origin and evolution of the type O foot-and-mouth disease viruses (FMDV) that caused the outbreak occurrence in Italy in 1993, the first episode of the disease in the EU after adoption of a non-vaccination policy in 1991, have been studied by the analysis of sequences encoding three main antigenic sites on the viral capsid proteins. The phylogenetic tree derived from sequences spanning the carboxyterminal end of VP1 showed that these Italian viruses were grouped in the ME-SA topotype, closely related to viruses that circulated previously in the Middle East. The analysis of the nucleotide sequences in VP1, VP2 and VP3 showed a co-circulation during the epizootic of genetic variants, including viruses with amino acid replacements in VP3. For some of the isolates analyzed, values of fixation of nucleotide substitutions per year were observed in the three regions analyzed, ranging from 1.5 to 5.1 × 10 −2 . The use of a panel of new monoclonal antibodies raised against an isolate from this outbreak, as well as monoclonal antibodies to FMDV O1-Switzerland 1965, showed differences in the reactivity pattern among some of the Italian isolates analyzed, which were consistent with the co-circulation of antigenic variants. These results support the potential for FMDV diversification in a limited period of time and under epidemiological conditions in which no vaccination campaigns were being implemented.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2006

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off