Genomic analysis of Oryctes rhinoceros virus reveals genetic relatedness to Heliothis zea virus 1

Genomic analysis of Oryctes rhinoceros virus reveals genetic relatedness to Heliothis zea virus 1 Oryctes rhinoceros virus (OrV) is an unassigned invertebrate dsDNA virus with enveloped and rod-shaped virions. Two cloned Pst I fragments, C and D, of OrV DNA have been sequenced, consisting of 19,805 and 17,146 bp, respectively, and comprising about 30% of the OrV genome. For each of the two fragments, 20 open reading frames (ORFs) of 150 nucleotides or greater with no or minimal overlap were predicted. Ten of the predicted 40 ORFs revealed significant similarities to Heliothis zea virus 1 (HzV-1) ORFs, of which five, lef-4 , lef-5 , pif-2 , dnapol and ac81 , are homologues of conserved core genes in the family Baculoviridae , and one is homologous to baculovirus rr1 . A baculovirus odv-e66 homologue is also present in OrV. Five ORFs encode proteins homologous to cellular thymidylate synthase (TS), patatin-like phospholipase, mitochondrial carrier protein, Ser/Thr protein phosphatase, and serine protease, respectively. TS is phylogenetically related to those of eukarya and nucleo-cytoplasmic large dsDNA viruses. However, the remaining 25 ORFs have poor or no sequence matches with the current databases. Both the gene content of the sequenced fragments and the phylogenetic analyses of the viral DNA polymerase suggest that OrV is most closely related to HzV-1. These findings and the re-evaluation of the relationship of HzV-1 to baculoviruses suggest that a new virus genus, Nudivirus, should be established, containing OrV and HzV-1, which are genetically related to members of the family Baculoviridae . http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Genomic analysis of Oryctes rhinoceros virus reveals genetic relatedness to Heliothis zea virus 1

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/genomic-analysis-of-oryctes-rhinoceros-virus-reveals-genetic-NGtm00zEJZ
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-006-0872-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Oryctes rhinoceros virus (OrV) is an unassigned invertebrate dsDNA virus with enveloped and rod-shaped virions. Two cloned Pst I fragments, C and D, of OrV DNA have been sequenced, consisting of 19,805 and 17,146 bp, respectively, and comprising about 30% of the OrV genome. For each of the two fragments, 20 open reading frames (ORFs) of 150 nucleotides or greater with no or minimal overlap were predicted. Ten of the predicted 40 ORFs revealed significant similarities to Heliothis zea virus 1 (HzV-1) ORFs, of which five, lef-4 , lef-5 , pif-2 , dnapol and ac81 , are homologues of conserved core genes in the family Baculoviridae , and one is homologous to baculovirus rr1 . A baculovirus odv-e66 homologue is also present in OrV. Five ORFs encode proteins homologous to cellular thymidylate synthase (TS), patatin-like phospholipase, mitochondrial carrier protein, Ser/Thr protein phosphatase, and serine protease, respectively. TS is phylogenetically related to those of eukarya and nucleo-cytoplasmic large dsDNA viruses. However, the remaining 25 ORFs have poor or no sequence matches with the current databases. Both the gene content of the sequenced fragments and the phylogenetic analyses of the viral DNA polymerase suggest that OrV is most closely related to HzV-1. These findings and the re-evaluation of the relationship of HzV-1 to baculoviruses suggest that a new virus genus, Nudivirus, should be established, containing OrV and HzV-1, which are genetically related to members of the family Baculoviridae .

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off