Genome-wide comparison of two poplar genotypes with different growth rates

Genome-wide comparison of two poplar genotypes with different growth rates The ecologically dominant and economically important genus Populus, with its available full genome sequence, has become an ideal woody species for genomic study. Rapid growth is one of the primary advantageous features of Populus, and extensive physiological research has been carried out on the growth of Populus throughout the growing period among different clones. However, the molecular information related to the mechanisms of rapid growth is rather limited. In this study, an Affymetrix poplar genome array was employed to analyze the transcriptomic changes from the pre-growth to the fast-growth phase in two poplar clones (P.deltoides × P.nigra, DN2, and P.nigra × (P.deltoides × P. nigra), NE19) with different growth rates. A total of 1,695 differently expressed genes were identified between two time points in NE19 and DN2 (two-way ANOVA, P < 0.01 and fold change ≥2). Except for genes changing in common for both clones, many transcripts were regulated specifically in one genotype. After functional analysis of the differentially expressed genes, distinct biological strategies seemed to be utilized by the two genotypes to accommodate their fast-growth phase. The faster-growing clone NE19, which has a higher photosynthetic rate and larger total leaf area, emphasized growth-related primary metabolism. However, the slower-growing DN2 tended to have more up-regulated genes involved in defense-related secondary metabolism and stress response. Emphasis of such divergent biological processes in two clones may explain their significant growth differences during the fast-growth phase. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Genome-wide comparison of two poplar genotypes with different growth rates

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Pathology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-011-9790-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The ecologically dominant and economically important genus Populus, with its available full genome sequence, has become an ideal woody species for genomic study. Rapid growth is one of the primary advantageous features of Populus, and extensive physiological research has been carried out on the growth of Populus throughout the growing period among different clones. However, the molecular information related to the mechanisms of rapid growth is rather limited. In this study, an Affymetrix poplar genome array was employed to analyze the transcriptomic changes from the pre-growth to the fast-growth phase in two poplar clones (P.deltoides × P.nigra, DN2, and P.nigra × (P.deltoides × P. nigra), NE19) with different growth rates. A total of 1,695 differently expressed genes were identified between two time points in NE19 and DN2 (two-way ANOVA, P < 0.01 and fold change ≥2). Except for genes changing in common for both clones, many transcripts were regulated specifically in one genotype. After functional analysis of the differentially expressed genes, distinct biological strategies seemed to be utilized by the two genotypes to accommodate their fast-growth phase. The faster-growing clone NE19, which has a higher photosynthetic rate and larger total leaf area, emphasized growth-related primary metabolism. However, the slower-growing DN2 tended to have more up-regulated genes involved in defense-related secondary metabolism and stress response. Emphasis of such divergent biological processes in two clones may explain their significant growth differences during the fast-growth phase.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 26, 2011

References

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