Genetic variation in the porcine myogenin gene locus

Genetic variation in the porcine myogenin gene locus The myogenin (MYOG) gene fulfills a key function in muscle differentiation by controlling the onset of myoblast fusion and the establishment of myofibers. In meat-producing animals like pigs and cattle, myofiber numbers have been related to growth capacity. We have characterized the porcine MYOG gene to detect genetic variation at this locus and to relate it to growth characteristics. MYOG gene fragments were isolated by PCR on genomic DNA and by screening a genomic library with a mixture of the four human MyoD cDNA fragments. Both the exons and promoter region were very similar to the human and mouse genes. Southern blot analysis of 105 unrelated pigs revealed three polymorphic MspI sites, located in the promoter region, the second intron, and at the 3′ FC; side of the gene. PCR-RFLP tests detecting four MYOG alleles were developed. PCR analysis of a panel of pig-rodent somatic cell hybrids confirmed the genetic localization of MYOG on pig Chromosome (Chr) 9. The PCR-RFLP tests and microsatellite markers on Chr 9 offer the possibility to genotype large numbers of pigs for studies of genetic linkage to meat deposition and growth characteristics. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Genetic variation in the porcine myogenin gene locus

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Anatomy; Zoology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003359900504
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The myogenin (MYOG) gene fulfills a key function in muscle differentiation by controlling the onset of myoblast fusion and the establishment of myofibers. In meat-producing animals like pigs and cattle, myofiber numbers have been related to growth capacity. We have characterized the porcine MYOG gene to detect genetic variation at this locus and to relate it to growth characteristics. MYOG gene fragments were isolated by PCR on genomic DNA and by screening a genomic library with a mixture of the four human MyoD cDNA fragments. Both the exons and promoter region were very similar to the human and mouse genes. Southern blot analysis of 105 unrelated pigs revealed three polymorphic MspI sites, located in the promoter region, the second intron, and at the 3′ FC; side of the gene. PCR-RFLP tests detecting four MYOG alleles were developed. PCR analysis of a panel of pig-rodent somatic cell hybrids confirmed the genetic localization of MYOG on pig Chromosome (Chr) 9. The PCR-RFLP tests and microsatellite markers on Chr 9 offer the possibility to genotype large numbers of pigs for studies of genetic linkage to meat deposition and growth characteristics.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 1, 2009

References

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