Genetic variants of platelet ADP receptor P2Y12 associated with changed platelet functional activity and development of cardiovascular diseases

Genetic variants of platelet ADP receptor P2Y12 associated with changed platelet functional... The key role in platelet aggregation is played by the platelet ADP receptor P2Y12, which is the target for antiaggregant drugs, clopidogrel and ticlopidine. At present, only sporadic data on genetic variants of platelet ADP receptor P2Y12 are available from literature, and their association with thromboembolic and cardiovascular diseases still remains obscure. Analysis of the group of subjects with high platelet reactivity resulted in identification of two nucleotide substitutions, C18T and G36T, in the coding region of the P2Y12 gene. The frequency of the P2Y12 T18 allele was higher in control group than in the group of patients survived from myocardial infarction at the age under 45 years (39% versus 28%, respectively, P = 0.04). Moreover, in the T18 carriers, platelet aggregation activity was lower than in the carriers of the wild-type genotype (0.84 ± 0.05%/s versus 1.01 ± 0.08%/s, respectively, P = 0.03). In the group of patients with early myocardial infarctions, a tendency towards the increased frequency of T36 allele in comparison with control group (20 and 12%, respectively, P = 0.07) was observed. The rate of ADP-induced platelet aggregation in the carriers of T36 allele from the control group was somewhat higher than in the subjects with the GG36 genotype (1.31 ± 0.16%/s versus 1.12 ± 0.06%/s, respectively, P = 0.07). The nucleotide substitutions identified were in lincage disequilibrium, i.e., allele T18 conformed to allele G36. On the contrary, allele C18 conformed to allele T36. Haplotype T18G36 was found to be responsible for the decreased risk of myocardial infarction and decreased platelet reactivity. It is suggested that polymorphisms of the P2Y12 gene identified can be used for determination of the risk group for myocardial infarction in the young males. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Genetic variants of platelet ADP receptor P2Y12 associated with changed platelet functional activity and development of cardiovascular diseases

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/genetic-variants-of-platelet-adp-receptor-p2y12-associated-with-96xEXg0Zos
Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795409020136
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The key role in platelet aggregation is played by the platelet ADP receptor P2Y12, which is the target for antiaggregant drugs, clopidogrel and ticlopidine. At present, only sporadic data on genetic variants of platelet ADP receptor P2Y12 are available from literature, and their association with thromboembolic and cardiovascular diseases still remains obscure. Analysis of the group of subjects with high platelet reactivity resulted in identification of two nucleotide substitutions, C18T and G36T, in the coding region of the P2Y12 gene. The frequency of the P2Y12 T18 allele was higher in control group than in the group of patients survived from myocardial infarction at the age under 45 years (39% versus 28%, respectively, P = 0.04). Moreover, in the T18 carriers, platelet aggregation activity was lower than in the carriers of the wild-type genotype (0.84 ± 0.05%/s versus 1.01 ± 0.08%/s, respectively, P = 0.03). In the group of patients with early myocardial infarctions, a tendency towards the increased frequency of T36 allele in comparison with control group (20 and 12%, respectively, P = 0.07) was observed. The rate of ADP-induced platelet aggregation in the carriers of T36 allele from the control group was somewhat higher than in the subjects with the GG36 genotype (1.31 ± 0.16%/s versus 1.12 ± 0.06%/s, respectively, P = 0.07). The nucleotide substitutions identified were in lincage disequilibrium, i.e., allele T18 conformed to allele G36. On the contrary, allele C18 conformed to allele T36. Haplotype T18G36 was found to be responsible for the decreased risk of myocardial infarction and decreased platelet reactivity. It is suggested that polymorphisms of the P2Y12 gene identified can be used for determination of the risk group for myocardial infarction in the young males.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 26, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off