Genetic variability in anadromous fishes, chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum, 1792), and Sakhalin taimen Parahucho perryi (Brevoort, 1856) from the Northwestern Pacific as a reflection of paleoclimate oscilations

Genetic variability in anadromous fishes, chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum, 1792), and... The genetic variability distribution of two mtDNA segments of chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) (Walbaum, 1792) and Sakhalin taimen (Parahucho perryi) (Brevoort, 1856) was examined in populations of the Sea of Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk. The values of haplotype and nucleotide variability in these species are, in general, of the same level. The dating of the divergence time of species haplotypes revealed four evolutionary periods in Sakhalin taimen and three in chum salmon. In the taimen, the first divergence time occurred approximately 430 thousand years (kyr) ago, the second 220 kyr ago, and the third 70 kyr ago. In the chum salmon, the first divergence time corresponds to 220 kyr; the second is approximately 100 kyr ago. In both species, the main portion of presently revealed haplotypes evolved over the past 50–10 kyr. Certain glacioeustatic sea level fluctuations influenced each stage of evolution history of species, contributing to their geographic isolation. Demographic population history research found that the initial stage of population growth in the taimen occurred at the time period of approximately 12 kyr ago and was apparently associated with the end of the Last Glacial Maximum. In the chum salmon, this period began somewhat earlier, 30–35 kyr ago; it has accelerated in the past 10–15 kyr. The last glaciation to a lesser extent impacted the demographics of chum salmon, probably due to the greater eurythermity and to the larger range of this species. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

Genetic variability in anadromous fishes, chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum, 1792), and Sakhalin taimen Parahucho perryi (Brevoort, 1856) from the Northwestern Pacific as a reflection of paleoclimate oscilations

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1063074016040076
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The genetic variability distribution of two mtDNA segments of chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) (Walbaum, 1792) and Sakhalin taimen (Parahucho perryi) (Brevoort, 1856) was examined in populations of the Sea of Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk. The values of haplotype and nucleotide variability in these species are, in general, of the same level. The dating of the divergence time of species haplotypes revealed four evolutionary periods in Sakhalin taimen and three in chum salmon. In the taimen, the first divergence time occurred approximately 430 thousand years (kyr) ago, the second 220 kyr ago, and the third 70 kyr ago. In the chum salmon, the first divergence time corresponds to 220 kyr; the second is approximately 100 kyr ago. In both species, the main portion of presently revealed haplotypes evolved over the past 50–10 kyr. Certain glacioeustatic sea level fluctuations influenced each stage of evolution history of species, contributing to their geographic isolation. Demographic population history research found that the initial stage of population growth in the taimen occurred at the time period of approximately 12 kyr ago and was apparently associated with the end of the Last Glacial Maximum. In the chum salmon, this period began somewhat earlier, 30–35 kyr ago; it has accelerated in the past 10–15 kyr. The last glaciation to a lesser extent impacted the demographics of chum salmon, probably due to the greater eurythermity and to the larger range of this species.

Journal

Russian Journal of Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 3, 2016

References

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