Genetic variability and diversity of intracellular genome-length hepatitis C virus RNA in long-term cell culture

Genetic variability and diversity of intracellular genome-length hepatitis C virus RNA in... Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is known to circulate persistently in vivo as a complex population of different but closely related viral variants. To understand the quasispecies nature of HCV, we performed genetic analysis of intracellular HCV RNAs obtained in long-term cell culture of genome-length HCV-RNA-replicating cells. The results revealed that genetic mutations in HCV RNAs accumulated in a time-dependent manner, and that the mutation rates of HCV RNAs were 3.5–4.8 × 10 −3 base substitutions/site/year. The mutation rates of nonstructural regions that are essential for RNA replication were lower than those of structural regions. The genetic diversity of HCVs was also enlarged in a time-dependent manner. Furthermore, we found that the GC content of HCV RNA was increased in a time-dependent manner. These results suggest that an HCV-RNA-replicating cell culture system would be useful for analysis of the evolutionary dynamics and variations of HCV. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Genetic variability and diversity of intracellular genome-length hepatitis C virus RNA in long-term cell culture

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-008-0282-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is known to circulate persistently in vivo as a complex population of different but closely related viral variants. To understand the quasispecies nature of HCV, we performed genetic analysis of intracellular HCV RNAs obtained in long-term cell culture of genome-length HCV-RNA-replicating cells. The results revealed that genetic mutations in HCV RNAs accumulated in a time-dependent manner, and that the mutation rates of HCV RNAs were 3.5–4.8 × 10 −3 base substitutions/site/year. The mutation rates of nonstructural regions that are essential for RNA replication were lower than those of structural regions. The genetic diversity of HCVs was also enlarged in a time-dependent manner. Furthermore, we found that the GC content of HCV RNA was increased in a time-dependent manner. These results suggest that an HCV-RNA-replicating cell culture system would be useful for analysis of the evolutionary dynamics and variations of HCV.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2009

References

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