Genetic susceptibility and transmission factors in scrapie: detailed analysis of an epidemic in a closed flock of Romanov

Genetic susceptibility and transmission factors in scrapie: detailed analysis of an epidemic in a... Information from a scrapie epidemic in a closed INRA Romanov flock is presented. Performances, pedigree, histopathological diagnoses and PrP genotypes were recorded from the beginning of the outbreak (in 1993). Between 1st of April, 1993 and 1st of May, 1997, 1015 animals were exposed to scrapie, and 304 died from this disease. A major influence of the polymorphisms at codons 136, 154 and 171 is shown, A 136 H 154 Q 171 allele carriers proving to be nearly as resistant as A 136 R 154 R 171 carriers. A possible relationship between gastrointestinal parasitism and scrapie is discussed. There is evidence of maternal transmission, with a risk ratio for artificially fed lambs of 67 percent of the risk of lambs fed by their mother. Our results strongly suggest that resistant animals were not healthy carriers or at least were less infectious when comparing risk for lambs born to healthy dams either of resistant (risk = 0.431) or of susceptible (risk = 1.000) genotype. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Genetic susceptibility and transmission factors in scrapie: detailed analysis of an epidemic in a closed flock of Romanov

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Wien by 1999 Springer-Verlag/
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050050516
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Information from a scrapie epidemic in a closed INRA Romanov flock is presented. Performances, pedigree, histopathological diagnoses and PrP genotypes were recorded from the beginning of the outbreak (in 1993). Between 1st of April, 1993 and 1st of May, 1997, 1015 animals were exposed to scrapie, and 304 died from this disease. A major influence of the polymorphisms at codons 136, 154 and 171 is shown, A 136 H 154 Q 171 allele carriers proving to be nearly as resistant as A 136 R 154 R 171 carriers. A possible relationship between gastrointestinal parasitism and scrapie is discussed. There is evidence of maternal transmission, with a risk ratio for artificially fed lambs of 67 percent of the risk of lambs fed by their mother. Our results strongly suggest that resistant animals were not healthy carriers or at least were less infectious when comparing risk for lambs born to healthy dams either of resistant (risk = 0.431) or of susceptible (risk = 1.000) genotype.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 1999

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