1022-7954/03/3901- $25.00 © 2003
Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 39, No. 1, 2003, pp. 46–51. Translated from Genetika, Vol. 39, No. 1, 2003, pp. 57–63.
Original Russian Text Copyright © 2003 by Zhuravlev, Artyukova, Kozyrenko, Reunova.
Most members of the family Araliaceae (Juss.) are
tropical or subtropical species. They are abundant in
tropical regions of America, Australia, Oceania, and
especially in East and Southeast Asia . The world-
wide diversity of this family is represented by 80 gen-
era comprising about 900 species .
The systematics of the family Araliaceae has not
been yet satisfactorily developed. Oskol’skii  reports
eight existing systems of this family. The latest of these
is the system by Takhtadzhyan , according to which
the family Araliacea includes seven tribes: Plerandrea,
Schefﬂereae, Meryteae, Hedereae, Aralieae, Mackinla-
yeae, and Myodocarpeae. Most Far Eastern Araliaceae
species belong to the tribe Schefﬂereae, and species of
, to the tribe Aralieae.
In the Far East, the family is represented by eight
species from ﬁve genera .
The natural range of
C.A. Meyer is
currently represented by populations inhabiting only
the Primorye area. Species of the genus
attributed to the tribe Panaceae by most authors  and
to the tribe Araliae by Takhtadzhyan .
Among Far Eastern Araliaceae species,
(Thunb.) Koidz. has the largest range that
includes southern Far East, northeastern China, Korea,
The range of
(Nakai) Nakai is
limited to southern Primorye and northern Korea.
(Rupr. et Maxim.) Seem.
(Rupr. et Maxim.) S.Y.
Hu inhabits Primorye, southern Khabarovsk krai,
southeastern Amur oblast, northern and middle Korea,
The range of
Maxim.) Maxim. is larger including additionally cen-
tral Khabarovsk krai, Sakhalin and Japan (Hokkaido).
This species appears similar to
differing from it in habitus, type of inﬂorescence,
and the presence of thorns . Some authors assign the
to the sin-
[2, 3, 5, 6], whereas others
regard them as distinct genera [7, 8].
L. in the Russian Far East is rep-
resented by three species . The range of
(Miq.) Seem. is almost as large as that of
Until recently, another species,
, was recognized, which, in contrast to
was thought to be continental [7, 9, 10]. Today the latter
two species are regarded as one,
[2, 8, 11].
Kitag. dwells in southern Pri-
morye, China, and Korea.
Thunb. occurs in Sakhalin, Kuril
islands and Japan. Some authors assign
 but many recognize them as separate
species [2, 13, 14].
In recent years, approaches involving molecular
DNA markers, RAPD analysis among them [15, 16],
have been used in population–genetic, phylogenetic,
and taxonomic studies. RAPD analysis is widely used
for inferring genetic relationships in plants [17–22].
In this study, the results of DNA examination in Far
Eastern Araliaceae species by means of RAPD analysis
are presented and genetic relationships among them are
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Material of the study.
We examined 11 species of the
Genetic Relationships among Far Eastern Species
of the Family Araliaceae Inferred by RAPD Analysis
Yu. N. Zhuravlev, E. V. Artyukova, M. M. Kozyrenko, and G. D. Reunova
Institute of Biology and Soil Science, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, 690022 Russia;
fax: (4232) 31-01-93; e-mail: email@example.com
Received January 9, 2002
—A molecular genetic study of Far Eastern species of the family Araliaceae by means of RAPD anal-
ysis was conducted. Using 21 primers we assessed variability at 595 loci. Based on matrices of genetic distances
dendrograms of genetic relationships among eleven species of this family were constructed. Our results suggest
belong to different genera,
are different species, and
probably cannot be regarded as distinct
species. Genetic similarity of Far Eastern