In contrast to the closely related bacteria Erwinia chrysanthemi, the kDu mutant of Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica produce lower levels of main pathogenicity and virulence factors (pectate lyases, cellulases, and proteases) in the presence of pectins. This effect was shown to be connected with the accumulation of the intermediate product of intracellular degradation of these substances, 2,5-diketo-3-deoxygluconate (DK2). The presence of DK2 in the culture broth of mutant bacteria, connected to its export in the environment, was established. The production of pectate lyases, cellulases, and proteases is repressed by DK2 only at its high concentrations in the cultivation medium, whereas low concentrations of DK2 induce the production of virulence factors. Genes involved in the intracellular catabolism of pectin substances and induced by both low and high DK2 concentrations in the cultivation medium are not repressed by this metabolite.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 28, 2004
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