Genetic heterogeneity of Russian, Estonian and Finnish field rabies viruses

Genetic heterogeneity of Russian, Estonian and Finnish field rabies viruses Thirty-five field rabies virus strains were collected in recent years in different regions of the Russian Federation in order to characterize their genetic heterogeneity and to study their molecular epidemiology. In addition to the Russian viruses, seven archive samples from Estonia and Finland and two Russian vaccine strains were also included in the study. The viruses collected were subjected to two different reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction tests, the amplicons were sequenced and the sequences were analysed phylogenetically. Among the field viruses studied, two main phylogenetic groups were found and designated as Pan-Eurasian and Caucasian according to their geographic origin. The Pan-Eurasian group, comprising some reference viruses from Europe, was further divided into four subgroups. All of the vaccine strains were clearly different from the field strains. No recombination between the field and vaccine virus strains was observed. The data obtained here show the critical role of geographical isolation and limitation for the genetic clustering and evolution of the rabies virus and also help in predicting its distribution from rabies-affected areas to rabies-free areas. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Genetic heterogeneity of Russian, Estonian and Finnish field rabies viruses

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-007-1001-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Thirty-five field rabies virus strains were collected in recent years in different regions of the Russian Federation in order to characterize their genetic heterogeneity and to study their molecular epidemiology. In addition to the Russian viruses, seven archive samples from Estonia and Finland and two Russian vaccine strains were also included in the study. The viruses collected were subjected to two different reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction tests, the amplicons were sequenced and the sequences were analysed phylogenetically. Among the field viruses studied, two main phylogenetic groups were found and designated as Pan-Eurasian and Caucasian according to their geographic origin. The Pan-Eurasian group, comprising some reference viruses from Europe, was further divided into four subgroups. All of the vaccine strains were clearly different from the field strains. No recombination between the field and vaccine virus strains was observed. The data obtained here show the critical role of geographical isolation and limitation for the genetic clustering and evolution of the rabies virus and also help in predicting its distribution from rabies-affected areas to rabies-free areas.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2007

References

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