Genetic Effects Induced by Nickel Sulfate in Germline and Somatic Cells of WR Mice

Genetic Effects Induced by Nickel Sulfate in Germline and Somatic Cells of WR Mice We examined the effects of nickel sulfate at doses 0.5 to 5.0 mg/kg (1/200–1/20 LD50) on the frequency of dominant lethal mutations and double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs) in germline cells and on an increase in frequency in gene mutations W y in pigment cells of first-generation mice. The results indicated that spermatogenesis stages most sensitive to nickel sulfate (at a dose of 1.0 mg/kg) are spermatozoids, early spermatids, late spermatocytes, and stem spermatogonia. No statistically significant increase in the total TSB level was detected in spermatozoids 4 weeks after exposure. At the same time, a significant (P < 0.05) increase in percentage of cells with an extremely high level of DNA fragmentation (supposedly apoptotic cells) was observed upon exposure at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg. Nickel sulfate at doses of 5.0 and 1.0 mg/kg induced a marked increase in the c-kit gene expression in pigment cells of heterozygous first-generation WR mice as compared to control (P < 0.001). It was shown that the nonobservable adverse effect level (NOAEL) of nickel sulfate on the dominant lethal mutation frequency and gene mutations was 1/200 LD50, while the lowest observable adverse effect level (LOAEL) was 1/100 LD50. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Genetic Effects Induced by Nickel Sulfate in Germline and Somatic Cells of WR Mice

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11177-005-0152-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We examined the effects of nickel sulfate at doses 0.5 to 5.0 mg/kg (1/200–1/20 LD50) on the frequency of dominant lethal mutations and double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs) in germline cells and on an increase in frequency in gene mutations W y in pigment cells of first-generation mice. The results indicated that spermatogenesis stages most sensitive to nickel sulfate (at a dose of 1.0 mg/kg) are spermatozoids, early spermatids, late spermatocytes, and stem spermatogonia. No statistically significant increase in the total TSB level was detected in spermatozoids 4 weeks after exposure. At the same time, a significant (P < 0.05) increase in percentage of cells with an extremely high level of DNA fragmentation (supposedly apoptotic cells) was observed upon exposure at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg. Nickel sulfate at doses of 5.0 and 1.0 mg/kg induced a marked increase in the c-kit gene expression in pigment cells of heterozygous first-generation WR mice as compared to control (P < 0.001). It was shown that the nonobservable adverse effect level (NOAEL) of nickel sulfate on the dominant lethal mutation frequency and gene mutations was 1/200 LD50, while the lowest observable adverse effect level (LOAEL) was 1/100 LD50.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 9, 2005

References

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