The variability of 32 enzyme loci was studied in chum salmon populations with different types of reproduction—natural, mixed, and artificial—in some Magadan Region rivers. Among the populations studied, the values of mean heterozygosity and allele number per locus did not differ significantly. We found evidence of definite temporal stability of the populations, and also found that their genetic variability was expressed only slightly but still remained in spite of periodic egg transplantations between rivers. Statistically significant spatial genetic differentiation of the populations accounted for 0.55 to 0.76% of the total variation and the mean inter-year differentiation accounted for 0.30% of the total. Significant temporal (seasonal) genetic subdivision was revealed in chum salmon of the Tauy River. The populations of the Okhotsk Sea coast are very similar genetically to the east Sakhalin populations. The industrial chum salmon population founded and reproduced artificially in the Kulkuty River preserves the genetic similarity of the donor Yama River chum salmon. In the industrial population, we observed a tendency toward reduction of genetic variation over time. The contribution of the Yama population to the gene pool of the Ola chum salmon, (both by natural reproduction and by farming) is small in spite of many large-scale transplantations. However, the consequences of those transplantations are revealed by means of linkage disequilibrium analysis.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 6, 2007
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