Genetic Diversity of Apple Cultivars Growing in Kazakhstan

Genetic Diversity of Apple Cultivars Growing in Kazakhstan Identification of the varieties is the primary requirement for characterization of the gene pool in agricultural production and implementation of breeding programs. In the present work, a set of six SSR markers was used for identification of cultural material collected on various horticultural farms in Kazakhstan: 30 varieties of Kazakhstani selection, 40 foreign varieties, and 16 Dzhangaliev’s apple clones selected in wild apple populations. Values of expected (H e) and observed (H o) heterozygosity in groups of all analyzed varieties were high: from 0.735 to 0.812 and from 0.661 to 0.721 respectively. Cluster analysis and analysis of genetic distances (STRUCTURE, UPGMA) showed a distribution of all samples into four major groups with a set of small subgroups caused by origin diversity. The first group included Kazakhstani varieties originating from Reneitte Burchardt, the second group included varieties with Aporta in parentage, the third group was represented by subclusters with a majority of foreign varieties, and the last group was composed of Dzhangaliev’s apple clones and Kazakhstani varieties with wild apple as their ancestor. Genotyping revealed inconsistencies in individual samples (and/or parentage) with claimed names. Analysis by markers of the Md-ACS1 and Md-ACO1 genes responsible for ethylene levels in fruits, which according to the literature correlates with fruit hardness and storability, did not reveal among Kazakhstani varieties any ACS1-2/2 homozygotes, the genotype with the highest expression of these traits. A quarter of Kazakhstani varieties and about a half of foreign varieties were heterozygous in ACS1, an indication of medium hardness and relatively long period of fruit storage. In two Kazakhstani and two foreign varieties heterozygous in ACS1, an improvement of the traits is possible owing to homozygosity in ACO1-1/1. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Genetic Diversity of Apple Cultivars Growing in Kazakhstan

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/genetic-diversity-of-apple-cultivars-growing-in-kazakhstan-xvoJB6OG6s
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795418020138
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Identification of the varieties is the primary requirement for characterization of the gene pool in agricultural production and implementation of breeding programs. In the present work, a set of six SSR markers was used for identification of cultural material collected on various horticultural farms in Kazakhstan: 30 varieties of Kazakhstani selection, 40 foreign varieties, and 16 Dzhangaliev’s apple clones selected in wild apple populations. Values of expected (H e) and observed (H o) heterozygosity in groups of all analyzed varieties were high: from 0.735 to 0.812 and from 0.661 to 0.721 respectively. Cluster analysis and analysis of genetic distances (STRUCTURE, UPGMA) showed a distribution of all samples into four major groups with a set of small subgroups caused by origin diversity. The first group included Kazakhstani varieties originating from Reneitte Burchardt, the second group included varieties with Aporta in parentage, the third group was represented by subclusters with a majority of foreign varieties, and the last group was composed of Dzhangaliev’s apple clones and Kazakhstani varieties with wild apple as their ancestor. Genotyping revealed inconsistencies in individual samples (and/or parentage) with claimed names. Analysis by markers of the Md-ACS1 and Md-ACO1 genes responsible for ethylene levels in fruits, which according to the literature correlates with fruit hardness and storability, did not reveal among Kazakhstani varieties any ACS1-2/2 homozygotes, the genotype with the highest expression of these traits. A quarter of Kazakhstani varieties and about a half of foreign varieties were heterozygous in ACS1, an indication of medium hardness and relatively long period of fruit storage. In two Kazakhstani and two foreign varieties heterozygous in ACS1, an improvement of the traits is possible owing to homozygosity in ACO1-1/1.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 12, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off