Background Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) has a heterogeneous spectrum of monogenic causes that substantially differ among populations. The aim of this study was to analyse the genetic aetiology of SRNS in Czech and Slovak paediatric patients. Methods We analysed clinical data from 74 patients (38 boys) with congenital (15%), infant (14%), and childhood-onset (71%) SRNS collected from the Czech Republic and Slovakia from 2000 to 2017 (inclusive). The DNA samples were first analysed by Sanger sequencing (genes NPHS2, NPHS1,and WT1) and then by next generation sequencing (NGS) using a targeted panel of 48 genes previously associated with SRNS. Family segregation of the causative variants was confirmed by Sanger sequencing when possible. Results Genetic diagnosis was established in 28/74 patients (38%) based on findings of pathogenic or likely pathogenic causative variants in genotypes conforming to the expected mode of inheritance. Sanger sequencing diagnosed 26% of patients, whereas second-tier testing by a targeted NGS panel diagnosed a further 12%. Frequent causative genes were NPHS2 (15%), WT1 (9.5%), and surprisingly NUP93 with four (5.4%) unrelated cases. Additional causative genes included COQ2 (two patients), NPHS1, INF2, DGKE,and LMX1B (one patient each). Conclusions Compared with outright use of NGS, our tiered genetic testing strategy
Pediatric Nephrology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
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