Genetic control of novel food preference in mice

Genetic control of novel food preference in mice In food preference studies, mammals are often categorized as being either neophilic or neophobic, i.e., preferring or disliking a novel-tasting food. To date, the genetic factors influencing novel food preference have not been elucidated. To understand this phenomenon, we investigated the genetics of food preference in eight inbred strains of mice. We gave them plain-, cinnamon-, or cocoa-flavored powdered food on day 0 for 45 min and then a choice of cinnamon- or cocoa-flavored food 14 days later. We determined their preference for novel versus already-experienced flavored food and found that some inbred strains chose the food that they had been given previously, while others chose a different food. In particular, the DBA/2 strain chose more cinnamon-flavored food after it was pre-exposed to cinnamon, while the B6 strain chose less cinnamon-flavored food after this initial exposure. The BXD recombinant inbred (RI) strain set was then used to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that influence this novel food preference. One of these QTLs was found to map to the distal end of Chromosome (Chr) 8. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Genetic control of novel food preference in mice

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Philosophy
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-003-2307-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In food preference studies, mammals are often categorized as being either neophilic or neophobic, i.e., preferring or disliking a novel-tasting food. To date, the genetic factors influencing novel food preference have not been elucidated. To understand this phenomenon, we investigated the genetics of food preference in eight inbred strains of mice. We gave them plain-, cinnamon-, or cocoa-flavored powdered food on day 0 for 45 min and then a choice of cinnamon- or cocoa-flavored food 14 days later. We determined their preference for novel versus already-experienced flavored food and found that some inbred strains chose the food that they had been given previously, while others chose a different food. In particular, the DBA/2 strain chose more cinnamon-flavored food after it was pre-exposed to cinnamon, while the B6 strain chose less cinnamon-flavored food after this initial exposure. The BXD recombinant inbred (RI) strain set was then used to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that influence this novel food preference. One of these QTLs was found to map to the distal end of Chromosome (Chr) 8.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2003

References

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