The effect of cell cycle mutation ff3 on chromosome segregation was studied on fixed cells of neural ganglia of Drosophila melanogasterlarvae. The cell distributions by diameter of interphase nuclei and by distance between sister chromatid sets were compared at anaphase and telophase. In the control wild-type strain Lausenne, the cell distribution by distance between sister chromatids in anaphase was similar to their distribution by nuclear size. The mean distance between segregating chromatids at anaphase (l av) coincided with the mean diameter of interphase nuclei (d av) and was 8.3 μm. Cells passed to telophase when chromatids were at least 10 μm apart. The mutant ff3 strain differed from the control strain Lausenne in cell distribution by interphase nuclear diameter and distance between sister chromatids in anaphase; the mean nuclear diameter and mean distance between segregating chromatids similarly increased to 9.3 μm. A specific feature of mitosis in mutant strain ff3 was a premature beginning of telophase chromatin reorganization. This caused the occurrence of cells with abnormally short (less then the interphase nuclear diameter) distance between sister chromatid sets in telophase but not in anaphase, as if these cells had passed from anaphase to telophase prematurely, during the chromatid movement toward poles in anaphase A.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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