Analysis of manifestation and inheritance of a new mutation inducing irregular synapsis in rye showed that abnormal phenotype is determined by a recessive allele of the sy19 gene. In the homozygotes for this mutation, even at the light microscopic level, abnormal formation of bivalents is already observed at pachytene–diakinesis. At metaphase I, the univalent frequency varies from 0 to 14; in a few cells, multivalent associations of chromosomes, which are not clearly oriented in the spindle, are detected. Electron microscopy of synaptonemal complexes revealed both homologous and heterologous synapsis in homozygotes for sy19, namely partial loss of the ability to stringent homology search. Analysis of joint inheritance of sy19 and asynaptic sy1 mutations showed that they are nonallelic, inherited independently, and interact by recessive epistasis. The phenotype of doublesy1sy19 mutants indicates that thesy19 gene conditioning heterologous synapsis operates at meiosis later than the synaptic gene sy1. The epistatic group of mutations, sy9 > sy1 > sy19 and sy3, was determined.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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