Genetic base of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.: Fitness of plants for extreme conditions in northern margins of species range

Genetic base of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.: Fitness of plants for extreme conditions in... Flowering time and vernalization requirement were studied in eight natural Karelian populations (KPs) of Arabidopsis thaliana. These KPs consisted of late-flowering plants with elevated expression of flowering repressor FLC and a reduced expression level of flowering activator SOC1 compared to the early-flowering ecotypes Dijon-M and Cvi-0. Despite variations in flowering time and the vernalization requirement among the KPs, two-week-old seedlings showed no changes in either the nucleotide sequence of the FRI gene or the relative expression levels of FRI and its target gene FLC that would be responsible for this variation. An analysis of abscisic acid (ABA) biosynthesis and catabolism genes (NCED3 and CYP707A2) did not show significant differences between late-flowering KPs and the early-flowering ecotypes Dijon-M and Cvi-0. Cold treatment (4°C for 24 h) induced the expression of not only NCED3, but also RD29B, a gene involved in the ABA-dependent cold-response pathway. The relative levels of cold activation of these genes were nearly equal in all genotypes under study. Thus, the ABA-dependent cold response pathway does not depend on FLC expression. The lack of significant differences between northern populations, as well as the ecotypes Dijon- M (Europe) and Cvi-0 (Cape Verde Islands), indicates that this pathway is not crucial for fitness to the northern environment. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Genetic base of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.: Fitness of plants for extreme conditions in northern margins of species range

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795413080097
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Flowering time and vernalization requirement were studied in eight natural Karelian populations (KPs) of Arabidopsis thaliana. These KPs consisted of late-flowering plants with elevated expression of flowering repressor FLC and a reduced expression level of flowering activator SOC1 compared to the early-flowering ecotypes Dijon-M and Cvi-0. Despite variations in flowering time and the vernalization requirement among the KPs, two-week-old seedlings showed no changes in either the nucleotide sequence of the FRI gene or the relative expression levels of FRI and its target gene FLC that would be responsible for this variation. An analysis of abscisic acid (ABA) biosynthesis and catabolism genes (NCED3 and CYP707A2) did not show significant differences between late-flowering KPs and the early-flowering ecotypes Dijon-M and Cvi-0. Cold treatment (4°C for 24 h) induced the expression of not only NCED3, but also RD29B, a gene involved in the ABA-dependent cold-response pathway. The relative levels of cold activation of these genes were nearly equal in all genotypes under study. Thus, the ABA-dependent cold response pathway does not depend on FLC expression. The lack of significant differences between northern populations, as well as the ecotypes Dijon- M (Europe) and Cvi-0 (Cape Verde Islands), indicates that this pathway is not crucial for fitness to the northern environment.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 14, 2013

References

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