Acoustic characteristics were studied in two species of the Anopheles maculipennis species complex, A. messeae and A. atroparvus. The species were found to clearly differ in sound frequencies, which was assumed to play a key role in species identification during mating in regions of their sympatric distribution. The sound spectrum in A. messeae was far more diverse than in A. atroparvus, which was associated with intraspecific inversion polymorphism of the former. Mosquitoes with the inversion combinations that were most common in populations of the central region of the A. messeae species area specifically differed in acoustic signal spectrum from each other. Hence, sound communication within the species was considered to be the main mechanism that is responsible for sexual partner selection and determines the chromosome associations observed earlier in individual karyotypes. Since males carrying different inversion combinations significantly differed in acoustic characteristics, females were assumed to play a main role in selecting the sexual partner.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 14, 2012
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