Genetic aspects of keratoconus development

Genetic aspects of keratoconus development Keratoconus (KC) is the most common form of keratoectasia characterized by changes in corneal topography and its thinning, stretching, and protrusion. The hereditary or genetic theory of keratoconus development is widely recognized. To date, a large number of candidate genes have been investigated in patients with KC. One of the most important of them are the gene encoding a homeodomain-containing protein that belongs to the subfamily of paired-like homeodomain proteins (VSX1), superoxidedismutase 1 (SOD1) gene, and the gene of lysyloxidase (LOX). The linkage analysis reveals over 17 chromosomal regions mutations in which can lead to the development of KC. In families with a hereditary form of keratoconus by GWAS analysis, the association of central corneal thickness (CCT) with a number of genetic loci is revealed. Thus, diverse results of genetic studies and a large number of identified chromosomal regions associated with keratoconus, firstly, show marked genetic heterogeneity of the disease and, secondly, are associated with challenges in DNA diagnosis of this disease. However, there are prerequisites that keratoconus belongs to both hereditary and genetically caused diseases and identified genetic variants are specific both to individual populations and to certain ethnic groups in general. Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Loading next page...
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright © 2017 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial