Genetic and molecular control of folate-homocysteine metabolism in mutant mice

Genetic and molecular control of folate-homocysteine metabolism in mutant mice Hyperhomocysteinemia adversely affects fundamental aspects of fetal development, adulthood, and aging, but the role of elevated homocysteine levels in these birth defects and adult diseases remains unclear. Mouse models are valuable for investigating the causes and consequences of hyperhomocysteinemia. We used a phenotype-based approach to identify mouse mutants for studying the relation between single gene mutations, homocysteine levels as a measure of the status of homocysteine metabolism, and gene expression profiles as a way to assess the impact of protein deficiency in mutant mice on steady-state transcription levels of genes in the folate-homocysteine pathways. These mutants were selected based on their propensity to produce phenotypes that are reminiscent of those associated with anomalies in folate-homocysteine metabolism in humans. We report identification of new, single-gene mouse models of homocysteinemia and characterization of their molecular and physiological impact on folate-homocysteine metabolism. Mutations in several genes involved in the hedgehog and WNT signal transduction pathways, as well as a gene involved in lipid metabolism, resulted in elevated homocysteine levels and altered expression profiles of folate-homocysteine metabolism genes. These results begin to unravel the complex relations between elevation of a single amino acid in the blood and the diverse birth defects and adult diseases associated with hyperhomocysteinemia. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/genetic-and-molecular-control-of-folate-homocysteine-metabolism-in-7YmSbxZb0g
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Anatomy; Zoology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-001-3054-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Hyperhomocysteinemia adversely affects fundamental aspects of fetal development, adulthood, and aging, but the role of elevated homocysteine levels in these birth defects and adult diseases remains unclear. Mouse models are valuable for investigating the causes and consequences of hyperhomocysteinemia. We used a phenotype-based approach to identify mouse mutants for studying the relation between single gene mutations, homocysteine levels as a measure of the status of homocysteine metabolism, and gene expression profiles as a way to assess the impact of protein deficiency in mutant mice on steady-state transcription levels of genes in the folate-homocysteine pathways. These mutants were selected based on their propensity to produce phenotypes that are reminiscent of those associated with anomalies in folate-homocysteine metabolism in humans. We report identification of new, single-gene mouse models of homocysteinemia and characterization of their molecular and physiological impact on folate-homocysteine metabolism. Mutations in several genes involved in the hedgehog and WNT signal transduction pathways, as well as a gene involved in lipid metabolism, resulted in elevated homocysteine levels and altered expression profiles of folate-homocysteine metabolism genes. These results begin to unravel the complex relations between elevation of a single amino acid in the blood and the diverse birth defects and adult diseases associated with hyperhomocysteinemia.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 27, 2014

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off