Interpopulation differences in the epidemiology and age of onset of complex diseases, as well as expression of some vital parameters, have been found. The relationship between these interpopulation differences and the genetic processes that have been occurring in the populations throughout their history has been demonstrated. The Daghestan genetic isolates studied are characterized by aggregation of certain complex diseases. In each genetic isolate, almost all affected subjects with homogeneous clinical phenotypes belong to the same large pedigree with a limited number of founders. There is evidence for a high population risk of schizophrenia (morbid risk) in Daghestan isolates (this parameter varies from 0 to 5%). Examination of 211 cases of schizophrenia earlier diagnosed in Daghestan psychiatric hospitals has shown that only 139 of them meet the DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia. The remaining 72 subjects have, according to DSM-IV criteria, various schizoaffective and affective disorders; all of these subjects are close relatives of the schizophrenic patients. The age of onset of schizophrenia in the isolates studied varies from 14 to 40 years (20.84 ± 0.568 years). Offspring of consanguineous marriages exhibit later age at onset and a higher risk of schizophrenia than offspring of exogamous marriages. The results of multivariate genetic analysis indicate that different gene complexes are involved in the pathogeneses of early-onset and late-onset forms of schizophrenia. An association of schizophrenia incidence, its age of onset, and reproductive parameters with polymorphisms of some microsatellite loci have been demonstrated.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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