Genetic and cytological analyses of the male sterility mutation induced in a sorghum tissue culture with streptomycin

Genetic and cytological analyses of the male sterility mutation induced in a sorghum tissue... Treatment of sorghum callus cultures with 500–1000 mg/l streptomycin led to a high regeneration frequency of plants with complete or partial male sterility (MS), up to 100% of all green regenerants. The induced MS mutation (ms-str) was preserved in the F1 and BC1 progenies and was genetically unstable: many families produced semisterile and fertile revertants, whose progenies again contained semisterile and sterile mutants. The ms-str mutation was maintained through eight generations via selection and self-pollination of semisterile plants. The mutation was inherited as a recessive nuclear mutation in test crosses of sterile plants segregated in the progenies of fertile and semisterile revertants and was expressed only in single cases in a test cross for ms-str transfer through pollen of hybrids with restored male fertility. Recessive nuclear mutations determining a low plant height (dwarfness) and the lack of waxy bloom on the stem and leaves (bloomless) were found in male-sterile plants with the ms-str mutation. Cytological analysis of sterile plants reveal multiple abnormalities at various pollen development stages and in tapetal cells: cytomyxis, defects of chromosome conjugation, distorted cytokinesis in meiotic division II, a lack of tetrad separation, a defective formation of the microspore coat, generation of microspores with two to four nuclei, and the formation of micronuclei and large vacuoles in tapetal cells. A possible transfer of the induced cytoplasmic MS mutation into the nuclear genome and the causes of the high genetic instability are discussed. Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Genetic and cytological analyses of the male sterility mutation induced in a sorghum tissue culture with streptomycin

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SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright © 2008 by MAIK Nauka
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
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