Partially nonhomologous (heterologous) synapsis of meiotic chromosomes in a spontaneous desynaptic mutant form of rye is determined by two recessive genes, sy2a and sy2b, that have independent expression and inheritance. The third gene, dominant inhibitor suppressing the mutant phenotype, has been revealed in hybrid combinations between sy2 mutants and lines segregating other meiotic mutants: sy10 (heterologous synapsis), sy1, and sy9(asynapsis). All three genes determining desynapsis (sy2a, sy2b, and I) were shown to be nonallelic to monogenic mutations sy10, sy1, and sy9, inherited independently of them and expressed at later stages of prophase I than the sy10 gene. The possibility of modifying monogenic segregation of mutation sy2 by gametophyte selection for a locus linked to the gene expressed as sy2 at particular frequencies of recombination between this gene and selected locus is discussed.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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