Genetic admixture of mitten crabs in the Northeast Asia hybrid zones

Genetic admixture of mitten crabs in the Northeast Asia hybrid zones Hybridization and genetic admixture in hybrid zones promote phenotypic and genotypic adaptive changes in organisms. Hybrids between Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) and Japanese mitten crab (Eriocheir japonica) have been reported in the Vladivostok region of Russia. However, the direction and extent of hybridization remains unknown in Northeast Asia. In this paper, genetic variation and admixture were investigated by examining a mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit II gene (ND2) and 10 microsatellite DNA loci in mitten crabs from the Tumen River in China and Vladivostok in Russia. In addition, the adjacent distributions of E. sinensis in China and E. japonica in Japan were analyzed. The Tumen River and Vladivostok were both identified as hybrid zones of E. sinensis and E. japonica. As indicated by ND2 sequences analysis, the mitten crabs in the Tumen River and Vladivostok displayed 5–10 times higher nucleotide diversity and more mixed haplotypes than pure E. sinensis and E. japonica. Meanwhile, approximately 31.25% of the mitten crabs in Vladivostok and 30.00% in the Tumen River were identified as potential hybrids, indicating strong genetic admixture between the two mitten crabs in these hybrid zones. Our results provide quantitative evidence of genetic admixture of E. sinensis and E. japonica in Northeast Asia. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Hydrobiologia Springer Journals

Genetic admixture of mitten crabs in the Northeast Asia hybrid zones

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer International Publishing AG
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology; Ecology; Zoology
ISSN
0018-8158
eISSN
1573-5117
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10750-017-3358-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Hybridization and genetic admixture in hybrid zones promote phenotypic and genotypic adaptive changes in organisms. Hybrids between Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) and Japanese mitten crab (Eriocheir japonica) have been reported in the Vladivostok region of Russia. However, the direction and extent of hybridization remains unknown in Northeast Asia. In this paper, genetic variation and admixture were investigated by examining a mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit II gene (ND2) and 10 microsatellite DNA loci in mitten crabs from the Tumen River in China and Vladivostok in Russia. In addition, the adjacent distributions of E. sinensis in China and E. japonica in Japan were analyzed. The Tumen River and Vladivostok were both identified as hybrid zones of E. sinensis and E. japonica. As indicated by ND2 sequences analysis, the mitten crabs in the Tumen River and Vladivostok displayed 5–10 times higher nucleotide diversity and more mixed haplotypes than pure E. sinensis and E. japonica. Meanwhile, approximately 31.25% of the mitten crabs in Vladivostok and 30.00% in the Tumen River were identified as potential hybrids, indicating strong genetic admixture between the two mitten crabs in these hybrid zones. Our results provide quantitative evidence of genetic admixture of E. sinensis and E. japonica in Northeast Asia.

Journal

HydrobiologiaSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 23, 2017

References

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