Genes normally expressed in the endosperm are expressed at early stages of microspore embryogenesis in maize

Genes normally expressed in the endosperm are expressed at early stages of microspore... Reproduction in flowering plants is characterized by double fertilization and the resulting formation of both the zygotic embryo and the associated endosperm. In many species it is possible to experimentally deviate pollen development towards an embryogenic pathway. This developmental switch, referred to as microspore embryogenesis or androgenesis, leads to the formation of embryos similar to zygotic embryos. In a screen for genes specifically expressed during early androgenesis, two maize genes were isolated by mRNA differential display. Both genes represent new molecular markers expressed at a very young stage of androgenic embryogenesis. When their expression pattern was studied during normal reproductive development, both showed early endosperm-specific expression. Investigation of the cytological features of young androgenic embryos revealed that they present a partially coenocytic organization similar to that of early endosperm. These findings suggest that maize androgenesis may possibly involve both embryogenesis and the establishment of endosperm-like components. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Genes normally expressed in the endosperm are expressed at early stages of microspore embryogenesis in maize

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1026521506952
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Reproduction in flowering plants is characterized by double fertilization and the resulting formation of both the zygotic embryo and the associated endosperm. In many species it is possible to experimentally deviate pollen development towards an embryogenic pathway. This developmental switch, referred to as microspore embryogenesis or androgenesis, leads to the formation of embryos similar to zygotic embryos. In a screen for genes specifically expressed during early androgenesis, two maize genes were isolated by mRNA differential display. Both genes represent new molecular markers expressed at a very young stage of androgenic embryogenesis. When their expression pattern was studied during normal reproductive development, both showed early endosperm-specific expression. Investigation of the cytological features of young androgenic embryos revealed that they present a partially coenocytic organization similar to that of early endosperm. These findings suggest that maize androgenesis may possibly involve both embryogenesis and the establishment of endosperm-like components.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 16, 2004

References

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