Genes Controlling Development: Morphoses, Phenocopies, Dimorphs, and Other Visible Expressions of Mutant Genes

Genes Controlling Development: Morphoses, Phenocopies, Dimorphs, and Other Visible Expressions of... We studied facultative dominant lethal mutations obtained earlier inDrosophila melanogaster. In some genotypes, these mutations were expressed as lethals, but in other genotypes they lacked this expression. The mutations were maintained in the following cultures: (1) females Muller-5 heterozygous for the mutation; (2) males crossed to attached-Xfemales; and (3) females and males homozygous for the mutation. During culturing, many mutations were found to give rise to phenotypically abnormal progeny. Generally, these abnormalities were morphoses involving various body parts; they were mostly asymmetric and nonheritable. Maternal and paternal effects in the formation of morphoses were observed. In four cases, dimorphic mutations were recorded: a female homozygous for the mutation had mutant phenotype whereas its male counterpart was phenotypically normal. The mutations were recessive with regard to the norm. New phenotypes behaving as mutations with incomplete penetrance arose during culturing. In cultures of mutant homozygotes phenocopies would appear en masse; they would persist for one or two generations and disappear. One wave of phenocopies succeeded another. Visible phenotypes appeared, which further behaved as ordinary recessive mutations. We concluded that these visible manifestations are characteristic for regulatory mutations controlling ontogeny. Their appearance is explained by the activation of new regulatory scenarios caused by blocking standard regulatory pathways. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Genes Controlling Development: Morphoses, Phenocopies, Dimorphs, and Other Visible Expressions of Mutant Genes

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/genes-controlling-development-morphoses-phenocopies-dimorphs-and-other-aL35vl361l
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:RUGE.0000021627.82588.41
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We studied facultative dominant lethal mutations obtained earlier inDrosophila melanogaster. In some genotypes, these mutations were expressed as lethals, but in other genotypes they lacked this expression. The mutations were maintained in the following cultures: (1) females Muller-5 heterozygous for the mutation; (2) males crossed to attached-Xfemales; and (3) females and males homozygous for the mutation. During culturing, many mutations were found to give rise to phenotypically abnormal progeny. Generally, these abnormalities were morphoses involving various body parts; they were mostly asymmetric and nonheritable. Maternal and paternal effects in the formation of morphoses were observed. In four cases, dimorphic mutations were recorded: a female homozygous for the mutation had mutant phenotype whereas its male counterpart was phenotypically normal. The mutations were recessive with regard to the norm. New phenotypes behaving as mutations with incomplete penetrance arose during culturing. In cultures of mutant homozygotes phenocopies would appear en masse; they would persist for one or two generations and disappear. One wave of phenocopies succeeded another. Visible phenotypes appeared, which further behaved as ordinary recessive mutations. We concluded that these visible manifestations are characteristic for regulatory mutations controlling ontogeny. Their appearance is explained by the activation of new regulatory scenarios caused by blocking standard regulatory pathways.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 18, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off