The generative and somatic characteristics of female sturgeon of five species and three hybrid forms, which were reared at the TINRO Center’s warm-water cage farm at the north of Primorsky Krai and used in caviar production, are considered. Data on the somatic growth, roe output, functional fecundity, mean egg weight, and gonadosomatic index of the female Amur Sturgeon, Kaluga, Siberian Sturgeon of the Lena and the Baikal populations, Sterlet of the Volga population, hybrids of Russian Sturgeon and Siberian Sturgeon, hybrids of Siberian Sturgeon and Amur Sturgeon, and hybrids of Kaluga and Amur Sturgeon are analyzed. The sexual maturity age and interspawning intervals are defined in the studied females. Domesticated females of all the species are shown to mature a few years earlier than those in natural conditions and to have a greater body weight. The interspawning intervals shorten by a few years in domesticated females. Most female Sterlet and some females from both populations of Siberian Sturgeon spawn annually, while the remainder spawn once in 2 years. The interspawning intervals in two species of sturgeon that inhabit the Amur River and in hybrid forms usually last for 2 years. With age, values of characteristics such as roe amount, fecundity, mean egg weight, and roe output relative to body weight grow in females spawning for the second time in the warm-water farm. The maximum roe output is found in female Kalugas at the second spawning. Then the species follow in the order of decreasing of roe output: Amur Sturgeon, hybrids of Amur Sturgeon with Kaluga, hybrids of Siberian Sturgeon with Amur Sturgeon, hybrids of Russian Sturgeon with Siberian Sturgeon, Siberian Sturgeon of the Baikal population, Siberian Sturgeon of the Lena population, and Sterlet. The hybrid between the Russian Sturgeon and Siberian Sturgeon shows the best processability and survivability characteristics; the Amur Sturgeon and Sterlet follow.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 18, 2011
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