Concurrence, introduced by Hill and Wootters (Phys Rev Lett 78:5022, 1997), provides an important measure of entanglement for a general pair of qubits that is faithful: strictly positive for entangled states and vanishing for all separable states. Such a measure captures the entire content of entanglement, providing necessary and sufficient conditions for separability. We present an extension of concurrence to multiparticle pure states in arbitrary dimensions by a new framework using the Lagrange’s identity and wedge product representation of separability conditions, which coincides with the “I-concurrence” of Rungta et al. (Phys Rev A 64:042315, 2001) who proposed by extending Wootters’s spin-flip operator to a so-called universal inverter superoperator. Our framework exposes an inherent geometry of entanglement and may be useful for the further extensions to mixed and continuous variable states.
Quantum Information Processing – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 21, 2017
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