Gene structure and chromosomal mapping of the rat smooth muscle calponin gene

Gene structure and chromosomal mapping of the rat smooth muscle calponin gene Smooth muscle cells (SMC) express a battery of lineage-restricted genes whose encoded proteins impart the unique contractile phenotype that characterizes this muscle type. While the encoded function of many SMC-restricted genes has been extensively analyzed, less is known about their position within the genome and the regulatory factors governing their transcription. In this report, we define the gene structure, 5′ promoter analysis, and chromosomal mapping of the rat smooth muscle calponin (CnnI) gene. The rat CnnI gene is comprised of seven exons spanning approximately 8 kb of genomic sequence. The intron-exon boundaries of the rat CnnI gene match precisely those in human and mouse. Primer extension and RNase protection assays indicate two major transcription start positions (tsp). Comparative sequence analysis of the 5′ promoter region reveals several conserved cis regulatory elements, including a TA-rich element within 30 nt of the tsp that could be a recognition site for TATA-binding protein and two CCAAT boxes. Transient and stable transfection studies support the hypothesis that distal regulatory elements confer SMC-restricted expression of CnnI. Finally, using an F2 intercross, we have mapped the rat CnnI gene to the telomeric end of Chromosome (Chr) 8. These studies provide additional information relating to the control of CnnI gene expression and provide a platform to begin assessing the potential linkage of CnnI to spontaneous and experimental disease phenotypes in rats. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Gene structure and chromosomal mapping of the rat smooth muscle calponin gene

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/gene-structure-and-chromosomal-mapping-of-the-rat-smooth-muscle-WweD2bdJR2
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003350010023
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Smooth muscle cells (SMC) express a battery of lineage-restricted genes whose encoded proteins impart the unique contractile phenotype that characterizes this muscle type. While the encoded function of many SMC-restricted genes has been extensively analyzed, less is known about their position within the genome and the regulatory factors governing their transcription. In this report, we define the gene structure, 5′ promoter analysis, and chromosomal mapping of the rat smooth muscle calponin (CnnI) gene. The rat CnnI gene is comprised of seven exons spanning approximately 8 kb of genomic sequence. The intron-exon boundaries of the rat CnnI gene match precisely those in human and mouse. Primer extension and RNase protection assays indicate two major transcription start positions (tsp). Comparative sequence analysis of the 5′ promoter region reveals several conserved cis regulatory elements, including a TA-rich element within 30 nt of the tsp that could be a recognition site for TATA-binding protein and two CCAAT boxes. Transient and stable transfection studies support the hypothesis that distal regulatory elements confer SMC-restricted expression of CnnI. Finally, using an F2 intercross, we have mapped the rat CnnI gene to the telomeric end of Chromosome (Chr) 8. These studies provide additional information relating to the control of CnnI gene expression and provide a platform to begin assessing the potential linkage of CnnI to spontaneous and experimental disease phenotypes in rats.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 2000

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off