The first committed step in the β-oxidation of fatty acids is catalyzed by the enzyme acyl-CoA oxidase (ACOX), which oxidizes a fatty acyl-CoA to a 2-trans-enoyl-CoA. To understand the role of β-oxidation during seedling growth in soybean, two ACOX cDNAs were isolated by screening a seedling library with a DNA fragment obtained by RT-PCR by using degenerate oligonucleotides. The two cDNAs (ACX1;1 and ACX1;2) are 86% identical to each other at the nucleotide and the amino acid level. Their deduced amino acid sequences share significant homology with known acyl-CoA oxidases, including the conserved CGGHGY motif, a putative flavin mononucleotide binding site. In both sequences, the last three amino acids, ARL, represent a putative peroxisome targeting signal. The mRNA and protein of both cDNAs accumulated in all seedling tissues, with relatively stronger expression in the growing seedling axis and hypocotyl, and weaker expression in the cotyledon. Immunolocalization studies indicated that the two proteins were localized in the phloem cells of hypocotyl tissue. The two cDNAs were expressed in Escherichia coli and shown to possess acyl-CoA oxidase activity. With fatty acyl-CoA substrates of varying chain lengths, it was demonstrated that both ACX1;1 and ACX1;2 have broad substrate specificities (C8–C18). The stronger expression of ACX1;1 and ACX1;2 in the axis and hypocotyl tissue, the weaker expression in the oil-rich cotyledon tissue, and the broad substrate specificities suggest that the two acyl-CoA oxidases might play a general house-keeping role during soybean seedling growth, such as the turnover of membrane lipids.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 3, 2004
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