Gender Stereotypes: Children's Perceptions of Future Compensatory Behavior Following Violations of Gender Roles

Gender Stereotypes: Children's Perceptions of Future Compensatory Behavior Following Violations... Fifth-grade students were exposed to descriptions of men and women performing behaviors that were mildly inconsistent or highly inconsistent with traditional gender stereotypes. They then rated the likelihood that the person who performed the action (the deviant target) and another person (a fellow group member) would subsequently perform a gender-consistent behavior. The results indicated that children exposed to inconsistent information about a male target expected another man to perform a highly gender-consistent behavior. This expectation was not observed with respect to female targets. These findings were predicted from Seta and Seta's schema-maintenance through compensation analysis (e.g., Seta & Seta, 1993) and support this model's assumption that stereotype violations can result in the generation of compensatory expectancies that may help maintain extant stereotypic beliefs. In addition, the results suggest that these processes are intact rather early in gender-role development. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Sex Roles Springer Journals

Gender Stereotypes: Children's Perceptions of Future Compensatory Behavior Following Violations of Gender Roles

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Plenum Publishing Corporation
Subject
Psychology; Gender Studies; Sociology, general; Medicine/Public Health, general
ISSN
0360-0025
eISSN
1573-2762
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:SERS.0000003341.73966.61
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Fifth-grade students were exposed to descriptions of men and women performing behaviors that were mildly inconsistent or highly inconsistent with traditional gender stereotypes. They then rated the likelihood that the person who performed the action (the deviant target) and another person (a fellow group member) would subsequently perform a gender-consistent behavior. The results indicated that children exposed to inconsistent information about a male target expected another man to perform a highly gender-consistent behavior. This expectation was not observed with respect to female targets. These findings were predicted from Seta and Seta's schema-maintenance through compensation analysis (e.g., Seta & Seta, 1993) and support this model's assumption that stereotype violations can result in the generation of compensatory expectancies that may help maintain extant stereotypic beliefs. In addition, the results suggest that these processes are intact rather early in gender-role development.

Journal

Sex RolesSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 28, 2004

References

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