Gender-Role Stereotyping: Testing Theory with a Longitudinal Sample

Gender-Role Stereotyping: Testing Theory with a Longitudinal Sample Gender-role stereotyping by children has aresearch literature which dates back 25 years. Thisarticle reviewed studies which examined children'soccupational choice or gender assignmentto a listofoccupations called a fixed-response format. Also reviewedwere studies in which children were given a free-choiceresponse capability in which they were asked to identifytheir occupational aspirations. Trends and changes in children's occupational stereotypingover the years were identified. Unlike 20 years ago,recent studies found that girls identify a greaternumber of different occupational aspirations than do boys. New data, which was collected from alongitudinal sample of over 200 elementary schoolchildren examined in the second, fourth, and sixthgrades, is also presented. Eighty-six percent of thesample was white and the majority of the non-whitesample was Hispanic. Hypotheses from Gottfredson'stheory of circumscription and compromise and sociallearning theory were tested with support found foreach. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Sex Roles Springer Journals

Gender-Role Stereotyping: Testing Theory with a Longitudinal Sample

Sex Roles , Volume 38 (6) – Oct 6, 2004
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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 by Plenum Publishing Corporation
Subject
Psychology; Gender Studies; Sociology, general; Medicine/Public Health, general
ISSN
0360-0025
eISSN
1573-2762
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1018757821850
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Gender-role stereotyping by children has aresearch literature which dates back 25 years. Thisarticle reviewed studies which examined children'soccupational choice or gender assignmentto a listofoccupations called a fixed-response format. Also reviewedwere studies in which children were given a free-choiceresponse capability in which they were asked to identifytheir occupational aspirations. Trends and changes in children's occupational stereotypingover the years were identified. Unlike 20 years ago,recent studies found that girls identify a greaternumber of different occupational aspirations than do boys. New data, which was collected from alongitudinal sample of over 200 elementary schoolchildren examined in the second, fourth, and sixthgrades, is also presented. Eighty-six percent of thesample was white and the majority of the non-whitesample was Hispanic. Hypotheses from Gottfredson'stheory of circumscription and compromise and sociallearning theory were tested with support found foreach.

Journal

Sex RolesSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 6, 2004

References

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