The present study investigated the relevance of gender role self-concept to leisure activities of female and male adolescents. A sample of 310 Austrian adolescents (14 to 16 years old) participated in the study. Gender role self-concept was measured based upon a multi-dimensional conceptualization that includes positive and negative self-descriptions. Gender role self-concept significantly predicted female-typed and male-typed leisure activities in addition to participants’ gender and partially mediated the link between gender and female-typed leisure activities. The analyses revealed gender-congruent as well as gender-incongruent associations between both the positive female and male role self-concept and the gender-typed leisure activities. Self-description with socially undesirable masculine traits was related to antisocial activities like using drugs, but also with socializing and sports activities.
Sex Roles – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 28, 2008
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