Gender differences in the spatial abilitycategories of mental rotation, spatial visualization,spatial perception, and relationships between measuresof spatial abilities and measures of spatial activity participation were investigated among white,Norwegian-born, technology (N = 161) and social science(N = 293) students. In these groups educationalbackground and vocational preferences are to a large extent controlled. Nevertheless, genderdifferences in favor of men were found in all thespatial ability categories within both student groups,and the size effects corresponded with previous research results. No support was found for thehypothesis that gender differences in spatial abilitiesare decreasing in modern societies because thedifferences were as large as previously found in othercountries. Gender-typed spatial activity participationswere found; but questionnaire measures of theseactivities could not explain differences in abilityscores. Implications of the results for occupationalperformance are tentatively discussed.
Sex Roles – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 6, 2004
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