Sex Roles, Vol. 37, Nos. 9/10, 1997 Gender Differences in Pay Histories and Views on Pay Entitlement Among University Students I Serge Desmarais 2 University of Guelph James Curtis University of Waterloo Experimental research with college students has shown that women report lower entitlement to pay than men for the same tasks and conditions. Gender differences in past socialization, which have resulted in different social psychological orientations by gender, are the commonly offered explanations for this pattern of results. We examine the possibility that gender differences in recent pay experience influence entitlement views by providing different standards for female and male students' judgments of their entitlements. Through a survey of female and male undergraduates in psychology courses (about 95% were Caucasians), we assessed respondents' incomes and perceptions of deserved income, for past and current work, and expectations and entitlements for future wages after graduation. Before controls, women reported deserving significantly less than did men for jobs last summer and for future jobs. Women also had earned less than men from jobs last summer. Few students were currently working during the school year, and there were not significant gender differences in income from current work. After controls for level of
Sex Roles – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 2, 2008
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