Participants' interpretations of facial expressions of emotion and judgments made about the poser as a function of gender, job status, and facial expression were examined. Two hypotheses regarding interpretation of expression stress either facial expression alone or a combination of facial expression and social context. Gender and status of target were expected to influence ratings of emotion and personality characteristics. In a 2 × 2 × 3 between-subjects design, 246 participants (90% non-Hispanic Whites) read a vignette of a workplace interaction manipulating gender and job status of target and viewed a slide of the target displaying a facial expression of emotion. Measures of perceived emotion and ratings of personality characteristics produced main effects and interactions in support of the context-specific hypothesis: Gender and job status were significant influences on interpretation.
Sex Roles – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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