We establish optimal estimates of Gelfand numbers or Gelfand widths of absolutely convex hulls cov(K) of precompact subsets $${K\subset H}$$ of a Hilbert space H by the metric entropy of the set K where the covering numbers $${N(K, \varepsilon)}$$ of K by $${\varepsilon}$$ -balls of H satisfy the Lorentz condition $$ \int\limits_{0}^{\infty} \left(\log N(K,\varepsilon) \right)^{r/s}\, d\varepsilon^{s} < \infty $$ for some fixed $${0 < r, s \le \infty}$$ with the usual modifications in the cases r = ∞, 0 < s < ∞ and 0 < r < ∞, s = ∞. The integral here is an improper Stieltjes integral. Moreover, we obtain optimal estimates of Gelfand numbers of absolutely convex hulls if the metric entropy satisfies the entropy condition $$\sup_{\varepsilon >0 }\varepsilon \left(\log N(K,\varepsilon) \right)^{1/r}\left(\log(2+\log N(K,\varepsilon))\right)^\beta < \infty$$ for some fixed 0 < r < ∞, −∞ < β < ∞. Using inequalities between Gelfand and entropy numbers we also get optimal estimates of the metric entropy of the absolutely convex hull cov(K). As an interesting feature of the estimates, a sudden jump of the asymptotic behavior of Gelfand numbers as well as of the metric entropy of absolutely convex hulls occurs for fixed s if the parameter r crosses the point r = 2 and, if r = 2 is fixed, if the parameter β crosses the point β = 1. The results established in Hilbert spaces extend and recover corresponding results of several authors.
Positivity – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 28, 2012
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