Gating of Cl- Currents in Protoplasts from the Marine Alga Valonia utricularis Depends on the Transmembrane Cl- Gradient and Is Affected by Enzymatic Cell Wall Degradation

Gating of Cl- Currents in Protoplasts from the Marine Alga Valonia utricularis Depends on the... The electrical properties of protoplasts of the turgor pressure-regulating giant marine alga Valonia utricularis were investigated by using the patch-clamp technique. In the whole-cell configuration, large inward currents were elicited by negative-going voltage pulses. The time-dependent component was predominantly carried by Cl-, as revealed by 'tail current' analysis. When experiments were performed on protoplasts directly after mechanical release from the 'mother cell', small outward currents were additionally observed at membrane voltages more positive than ECl-. These outward currents disappeared to a large extent after treatment of the protoplasts with a mixture of cell wall-degrading enzymes. Plots of the chord conductance versus the clamped membrane voltage revealed that enzymatic treatment affected the gating properties. By fitting Boltzmann distributions to the data, a midpoint potential of + 5 ± 5 mV (n = 7) was obtained in symmetrical Cl- solutions for mechanically released protoplasts. In contrast, protoplasts treated additionally with enzymes exhibited a midpoint potential of -13 ± 5 mV (n = 8). By varying the external and internal Cl- concentration, gating was also shown to depend on the Cl- gradient across the plasmalemma both in enzymatically treated and untreated protoplasts. Plotting of the midpoint potential against the Nernst potential of Cl- rendered a slope less than 1 (0.70 and 0.64, respectively) indicating that gating did not strictly depend on the electrochemical Cl- gradient. The voltage- and Cl--dependence as well as inhibition experiments with 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS) suggested that the Cl- conductance of the membrane is dominated by the Valonia Anion Channel 1 (VAC1) described by Heidecker, M., Wegner, L.H., Zimmermann, U. 1999: A patch-clamp study of ion channels in proto-plasts prepared from the marine alga Valonia utricularis. J. Membrane Biol. 172:235–247. The relevance of the findings for membrane potential control and turgor regulation in V. utricularis as well as the general implications of the data for electrophysiological work on protoplasts (that are usually obtained by enzymatic digestion of plant tissue) are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Gating of Cl- Currents in Protoplasts from the Marine Alga Valonia utricularis Depends on the Transmembrane Cl- Gradient and Is Affected by Enzymatic Cell Wall Degradation

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/gating-of-cl-currents-in-protoplasts-from-the-marine-alga-valonia-4zKuELnJPH
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-002-1052-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The electrical properties of protoplasts of the turgor pressure-regulating giant marine alga Valonia utricularis were investigated by using the patch-clamp technique. In the whole-cell configuration, large inward currents were elicited by negative-going voltage pulses. The time-dependent component was predominantly carried by Cl-, as revealed by 'tail current' analysis. When experiments were performed on protoplasts directly after mechanical release from the 'mother cell', small outward currents were additionally observed at membrane voltages more positive than ECl-. These outward currents disappeared to a large extent after treatment of the protoplasts with a mixture of cell wall-degrading enzymes. Plots of the chord conductance versus the clamped membrane voltage revealed that enzymatic treatment affected the gating properties. By fitting Boltzmann distributions to the data, a midpoint potential of + 5 ± 5 mV (n = 7) was obtained in symmetrical Cl- solutions for mechanically released protoplasts. In contrast, protoplasts treated additionally with enzymes exhibited a midpoint potential of -13 ± 5 mV (n = 8). By varying the external and internal Cl- concentration, gating was also shown to depend on the Cl- gradient across the plasmalemma both in enzymatically treated and untreated protoplasts. Plotting of the midpoint potential against the Nernst potential of Cl- rendered a slope less than 1 (0.70 and 0.64, respectively) indicating that gating did not strictly depend on the electrochemical Cl- gradient. The voltage- and Cl--dependence as well as inhibition experiments with 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS) suggested that the Cl- conductance of the membrane is dominated by the Valonia Anion Channel 1 (VAC1) described by Heidecker, M., Wegner, L.H., Zimmermann, U. 1999: A patch-clamp study of ion channels in proto-plasts prepared from the marine alga Valonia utricularis. J. Membrane Biol. 172:235–247. The relevance of the findings for membrane potential control and turgor regulation in V. utricularis as well as the general implications of the data for electrophysiological work on protoplasts (that are usually obtained by enzymatic digestion of plant tissue) are discussed.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 2003

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off