Gating Kinetics of E. coli Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate/Polyphosphate Channels in Planar Bilayer Membranes

Gating Kinetics of E. coli Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate/Polyphosphate Channels in Planar Bilayer Membranes Nonproteinaceous calcium channel complexes from Escherichia coli, composed of poly-(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and inorganic polyphosphate (polyP), exhibit two distinct gating modes (modes 1 and 2) in planar lipid bilayers. Here we report the kinetic characterization of the channel in mode 2, a mode characterized by two well-defined conductance levels, a fully open state (87 ± 3 pS), and a major subconductance state (56 ± 2 pS). Other subconductance states and full closures are rare (<0.5% of total time). Several kinetic properties of the channel showed asymmetric voltage-dependence indicating an asymmetry in the channel structure. Accordingly, single channels responded to potential change in one of two mirror-image patterns, postulated to arise from opposite orientations of the asymmetrical channel complex in the bilayer. The fraction of time spent in each conductance level was strongly voltage-sensitive. For channels reported in this study, presumably all oriented in the same direction, residence time in the fully open state increased as clamping potentials became more positive whereas residence time in the major subconductance state increased at more negative potentials. Analysis of open time distributions revealed existence of two kinetically distinct states for each level. The shorter time constants for both conductance states exhibited weak voltage-sensitivity; however, the longer time constants were strongly voltage-sensitive. A kinetic scheme, consistent with the complex voltage dependence of the channel, is proposed. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Gating Kinetics of E. coli Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate/Polyphosphate Channels in Planar Bilayer Membranes

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Copyright © Inc. by 1999 Springer-Verlag New York
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
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