Gating Kinetics of E. coli Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate/Polyphosphate Channels in Planar Bilayer Membranes

Gating Kinetics of E. coli Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate/Polyphosphate Channels in Planar Bilayer Membranes Nonproteinaceous calcium channel complexes from Escherichia coli, composed of poly-(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and inorganic polyphosphate (polyP), exhibit two distinct gating modes (modes 1 and 2) in planar lipid bilayers. Here we report the kinetic characterization of the channel in mode 2, a mode characterized by two well-defined conductance levels, a fully open state (87 ± 3 pS), and a major subconductance state (56 ± 2 pS). Other subconductance states and full closures are rare (<0.5% of total time). Several kinetic properties of the channel showed asymmetric voltage-dependence indicating an asymmetry in the channel structure. Accordingly, single channels responded to potential change in one of two mirror-image patterns, postulated to arise from opposite orientations of the asymmetrical channel complex in the bilayer. The fraction of time spent in each conductance level was strongly voltage-sensitive. For channels reported in this study, presumably all oriented in the same direction, residence time in the fully open state increased as clamping potentials became more positive whereas residence time in the major subconductance state increased at more negative potentials. Analysis of open time distributions revealed existence of two kinetically distinct states for each level. The shorter time constants for both conductance states exhibited weak voltage-sensitivity; however, the longer time constants were strongly voltage-sensitive. A kinetic scheme, consistent with the complex voltage dependence of the channel, is proposed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Gating Kinetics of E. coli Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate/Polyphosphate Channels in Planar Bilayer Membranes

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1999 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900543
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Nonproteinaceous calcium channel complexes from Escherichia coli, composed of poly-(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and inorganic polyphosphate (polyP), exhibit two distinct gating modes (modes 1 and 2) in planar lipid bilayers. Here we report the kinetic characterization of the channel in mode 2, a mode characterized by two well-defined conductance levels, a fully open state (87 ± 3 pS), and a major subconductance state (56 ± 2 pS). Other subconductance states and full closures are rare (<0.5% of total time). Several kinetic properties of the channel showed asymmetric voltage-dependence indicating an asymmetry in the channel structure. Accordingly, single channels responded to potential change in one of two mirror-image patterns, postulated to arise from opposite orientations of the asymmetrical channel complex in the bilayer. The fraction of time spent in each conductance level was strongly voltage-sensitive. For channels reported in this study, presumably all oriented in the same direction, residence time in the fully open state increased as clamping potentials became more positive whereas residence time in the major subconductance state increased at more negative potentials. Analysis of open time distributions revealed existence of two kinetically distinct states for each level. The shorter time constants for both conductance states exhibited weak voltage-sensitivity; however, the longer time constants were strongly voltage-sensitive. A kinetic scheme, consistent with the complex voltage dependence of the channel, is proposed.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 15, 1999

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