The energy associated with a mismatch between the hydrocarbon portions of a lipid bilayer and the hydrophobic regions of a transmembrane protein requires that one or both components deform in an attempt to minimize the energy difference. Transmembrane potassium channel subunits are composed of different structural motifs, each responsible for ion-selectivity, conductance and gating capabilities. Each has an inherent degree of flexibility commensurate with its amino acid composition. It is not clear, however, how each structural motif will respond to a fixed amount of distortion applied to the whole structure. We examined the single-channel conductance (Gc) and gating (open probability, P o) of single BKCa channels (hslo α-subunits) inserted into planar lipid bilayers containing 1,2-dioleoyl-3-phosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) or DOPE with either 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) or sphingomyelin (SPM) and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-3-phosphatidylethanolamine (POPE) with SPM. These latter three binary mixtures formed stable membranes with different distributions of thickness domains as determined by atomic force microscopy. Channels placed in each composition should be exposed to different amounts of distortion. BKCa channels forced into the DOPE/SPM bilayer containing lipid domains with two different thicknesses showed two distinct levels of Gc and Po. The alterations in Gc and Po were reciprocal. A larger conductance was accompanied by a smaller value for gating and vice versa. Channels forced into the POPE/SPM bilayer containing lipid domains with different thicknesses showed more than two distinct levels of Gc and Po. Channels placed in a uniform bilayer (DOPE/DOPC) showed a uniform distribution of conductance and activation. We conclude that both the inner and outer domains of the channel where these two channel functions are localized respond to deformation and that a fixed amount of distortion results in reciprocal changes in protein function.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 28, 2007
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera