Gap Junction Coupling and Apoptosis in GFSHR-17 Granulosa Cells

Gap Junction Coupling and Apoptosis in GFSHR-17 Granulosa Cells Recently, we found that intracellular washout of cGMP induces gap junction uncoupling and proposed a link between gap junction uncoupling and stimulation of apoptotic reactions in GFSHR-17 granulosa cells. In the present report we show that an inhibitor of guanylyl cyclase, ODQ, reduces gap junction coupling and promotes apoptotic reactions such as chromatin condensation and DNA strand breaks. To analyze whether gap junction uncoupling and induction of apoptotic reactions are related, the cells were treated with heptanol and 18β-GA, two known gap junction uncouplers. Gap junction coupling of GFSHR-17 cells could be restored if the incubation time with the gap junction uncouplers was less than 10 min. A prolonged incubation time irreversibly suppressed gap junction coupling and caused chromatin condensation as well as DNA degradation. The promotion of apoptotic reactions by heptanol or 18β-GA was not observed in cells with low gap junction coupling like HeLa cells, indicating that the observed genotoxic reactions are not caused by unspecific effects of gap junction uncouplers. Additionally, it was observed that heptanol or 18β-GA did not induce a sustained rise of [Ca2+]i. The effects of gap junction uncouplers could not be suppressed by the presence of 8-Br-cGMP. It is discussed that irreversible gap junction uncoupling can be mediated by cGMP-dependent as well as cGMP-independent pathways and in turn could lead to stimulation of apoptotic reactions in granulosa cells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Gap Junction Coupling and Apoptosis in GFSHR-17 Granulosa Cells

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/gap-junction-coupling-and-apoptosis-in-gfshr-17-granulosa-cells-tL9sWiClKh
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-005-0756-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial