Low gadolinium concentrations induce rapid gigaseal formation and cell adhesion to glass and plastic (polystyrene) substrates in the slime mutant of Neurospora crassa. Cellular adhesion is independent of an integrin-mediated mechanism, because pretreatment with the oligopeptide ARG-GLY-ASP-SER (RGDS) did not inhibit it, and there was no spatial correlation between integrin and adhesions. In contrast, concanavalin A and beta-galactosidase both inhibit adhesion, suggesting that adhesion is mediated by sugar moeities at the cell surface. The adhesion sites are motile in the plasma membrane, as shown by the movement of polystyrene microspheres on the cell surface. In addition to an integrin-based adhesive system, which has already been characterized in walled hyphal cells, hyphae have evolved at least two different plasma membrane-based adhesion mechanisms. The relatively non-specific sugar-mediated adhesion caused by gadolinium may be part of the mechanism of gigaseal formation in other cells. In the absence of sugar-mediated adhesion, gadolinium increases the magnitude of the gigaseal in giant unilamellar liposomes composed of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and cholesterol, with or without the negatively charged phosphatidylserine. Thus, gigaseal formation involves at least two different mechanisms.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2004
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