Calcium entry into smooth muscle cells is essential to maintain contractility. In canine jejunal circular smooth muscle cells the predominant calcium entry pathway is through L-type calcium channels. The aim of this study was to determine the G-protein regulation of L-type calcium channel current (I CaL) in isolated canine jejunal circular smooth muscle cells. Barium (80 mm) was used as the charge carrier. GTP-γS and GTP increased maximal inward current from 118.7 ± 12 pA to 227.5 ± 21.5 pA (n= 8) and 174.6 ± 10.1 pA (n= 6) respectively. The increase in inward current was blocked by nifedipine suggesting it was through L-type calcium channels. Pertussis toxin did not alter baseline I CaL while cholera toxin increased I CaL from 125 ± 19 pA in controls (n= 6) to 347 ± 30 pA (n= 4). Staurosporine inhibited the increase in current evoked by GTP-γS and calyculin further increased I CaL over the increase evoked by GTP-γS. The results suggest that cholera toxin sensitive G-proteins activate L-type calcium channels in isolated canine jejunal circular smooth muscle cells through protein phosphorylation.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 1, 1997
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