Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 39, No. 3, 2003, p. 361. Translated from Genetika, Vol. 39, No. 3, 2003, pp. 444–445. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2003 by the Editorial Board. BOOK REVIEWS G.G. Goncharenko and B.P. Savitskii, Population Genetic Resources of Silver Fir in Belarus Population Genetic Resources of Silver Fir in analysis of differentiation, subdivision, gene ﬂow, and Belarus (Gomel: Polespechat’, 2000) is another book heterogeneity showed that the Belovezhskaya Pushcha by a leading specialist in forest genetics, Correspond- population has the most speciﬁc structure among seven ing Member of the National Academy of Sciences of East European Abies alba populations. Particular inter- Belarus, Prof. G.G. Goncharenko. The book summa- est is attracted by studies that provided conclusive rizes the results of long-term genetic studies that were genetic evidence that, notwithstanding its small range carried out under Goncharenko’s guidance within the and limited size, the Belovezhskaya Pushcha popula- framework of programs of the State Forest Committee tion of silver ﬁr is still free from inbreeding and has suf- of the Soviet Union, National Academy of Sciences of ﬁciently large genetic resources to be preserved in full Belarus, and Russian Federal Forestry Service. (His measure. The results obtained necessitate a fundamental ﬁrst book, published in 1997, focused on genetic anal- change in the strategy of managing the genetic resources ysis of two- and ﬁve-needle pine species, and his sec- of silver ﬁr in the northeastern region of its range. ond book, published in 1999, considered genetic taxon- In the course of their studies, the authors provided a omy of Palearctic conifers.) genetic certiﬁcation for every silver ﬁr tree of the Owing to the joint efforts of several generations of Belovezhskaya Pushcha population and, on this basis, researchers in Russia and other countries, population estimated the genetic value of each tree. Analysis genetics became a well-developed biological disci- showed that the seeds of 20 trees are sufﬁcient to pro- pline, which makes it possible not only to investigate duce more than 13 000 genotypically different trees, microevolutionary processes, but also to develop prin- and that a loss of a single allele by the parental trees ciples for managing the population genetic resources of will reduce the number of progeny differing in genetic various commercial species. portrait by more than 8000. With the genotypes of all Notwithstanding their commercial importance, for- trees known, it became possible for the ﬁrst time to est woody species seem to be the only group of plants reproduce the entire gene pool of the given population that are poorly studied genetically. This is explained by both in Belovezhskaya Pushcha and in other regions. the fact that standard genetic methods are inapplicable The reason is that the results obtained make it possible to forest woody plants because of their long generation to control the genetic composition of seeds, seedlings, time. Hence, it became possible to solve important or other planting material at every stage of forest resto- problems of studying the population genetic resources ration. in tree species, including conifers, only with modern Although the authors consider complex and diverse techniques of molecular and biochemical genetics. problems, the book is easy to read and to understand. In These techniques allow not only multilocus genotyping addition, the book is well illustrated and can be used as of trees, but also comprehensive characterization of the a practical guide by genetics and specialists working in gene pool of a particular population. reserve management, nature preservation, and forestry Goncharenko’s book, which is coauthored with Sav- and as an invaluable textbook by students and all inter- itskii, ﬁlls the gap in our understanding of the genetic ested in conservation of genetic resources in natural processes that take place in natural populations and of populations of forest tree species and other commer- the state of conifer gene pools in European forests. Bas- cially valuable plants. ing on their own genetic studies with 22 isozyme genes, the authors characterized in detail the population genetic resources of the unique Belarussian population of silver ﬁr of Belovezhskaya Pushcha. Comparative L.I. Korochkin ERRATUM In refs. 11, 12, 13, and 15 for the paper by Bulayeva et al. “Mapping Genes of Complex Disease in Genetic Isolates of Daghestan” (2002, vol. 38, no. 11, pp. 1305–1311), the name Bulaeva should read Bulayeva. MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica apologizes for this mistake. 1022-7954/03/3903-0361$25.00 © 2003 MAIK ÒNauka / Interperiodica”
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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