Fusion of Human Sperm to Prostasomes at Acidic pH

Fusion of Human Sperm to Prostasomes at Acidic pH Prostasomes are membranous vesicles (150–200 nm diameter) present in human semen. They are secreted by the prostate and contain large amounts of cholesterol, sphingomyelin and Ca2+. In addition, some of their proteins are enzymes. Prostasomes enhance the motility of ejaculated spermatozoa and are involved in a number of additional biological functions. The possibility that they may fuse to sperm has never been proved. In this work, we studied the fusion of sperm to prostasomes by using various methods (relief of octadecyl Rhodamine B fluorescence self-quenching, fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry) and we found that it occurs at acidic pH (4–5), but not at pH 7.5 pH-dependent fusion relies on the integrity of one or more proteins and is different from the Ca2+-stimulated fusion between rat liver liposomes and spermatozoa that does not require any protein and occurs at neutral pH. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Fusion of Human Sperm to Prostasomes at Acidic pH

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1997 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900160
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Prostasomes are membranous vesicles (150–200 nm diameter) present in human semen. They are secreted by the prostate and contain large amounts of cholesterol, sphingomyelin and Ca2+. In addition, some of their proteins are enzymes. Prostasomes enhance the motility of ejaculated spermatozoa and are involved in a number of additional biological functions. The possibility that they may fuse to sperm has never been proved. In this work, we studied the fusion of sperm to prostasomes by using various methods (relief of octadecyl Rhodamine B fluorescence self-quenching, fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry) and we found that it occurs at acidic pH (4–5), but not at pH 7.5 pH-dependent fusion relies on the integrity of one or more proteins and is different from the Ca2+-stimulated fusion between rat liver liposomes and spermatozoa that does not require any protein and occurs at neutral pH.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 1997

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