The wheat rhizosphere-inhabiting nonpathogenic Fusarium sambucinum isolate FS-94 protected tomato from Fusarium wilt (F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici) in laboratory experiments. Seed soaking or immersion of seedling roots in a FS-94 spore suspension prior to inoculation with the pathogen delayed the appearance of wilt symptoms and significantly reduced disease severity in plants of a susceptible tomato cultivar. Quantification of fungal ergosterol in infected tomato showed that protection against wilt agent was related to limitation of the pathogen growth in plants exposed to FS-94. Incubation of tomato seedlings in a FS-94 spore suspension for 48 or 72 h led to plant protection and increased the salicylic acid (SA) concentration in their roots, suggesting that this isolate was involved in a plant-mediated mode of action and induced resistance. Soaking tomato seeds in the spore suspension did not induce SA accumulation in seedling roots, but nevertheless resulted in a significant reduction in wilt severity when the seedlings were challenged with the pathogen. In response to pathogen attack, the SA content in susceptible seedlings grown from FS-94-treated seeds started to increase within 1 day and remained elevated for 72 h. This suggests that F. sambucinum isolate FS-94 primed a SA-dependent signaling system in tomato.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 21, 2011
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