An incompletely described potyvirus isolate from sweet potato in Taiwan, referred to as ‘sweet potato virus 2’ (SPV2), was further characterised. Electron microscopy revealed that SPV2 has filamentous particles of 850 nm in length and induces cytoplasmic cylindrical inclusions consisting of pinwheels and scrolls. The virus was mechanically transmitted to several species of the genera Chenopodium , Datura , Nicotiana , and Ipomoea . Two biotypes of Myzus persicae transmitted SPV2 in a non-persistent manner. Decoration titer experiments revealed a distant serological relationship between SPV2 and other potyviruses infecting sweet potato. The 3’-terminal 2006 nucleotides of the viral RNA were determined and shown to be a potyviral genome fragment comprising the coding region for the C-terminal half of the NIb protein, the entire coat protein cistron, and the 3’ untranslated region (UTR). Comparison of the capsid protein and 3’ UTR sequences of SPV2 with those of other potyviruses demonstrated that it is a distinct member of the genus Potyvirus (family Potyviridae ). We propose that SPV2 is named Sweet potato virus Y.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 1, 2004
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